A hazard vulnerability analysis is a systematic approach employed to identify all potential hazards which may affect a particular population, to evaluate the risks associated with each threat, and to study the findings generated from the assessment to develop a prioritized comparison of the specified hazard vulnerabilities. ECONOMIC HAZARD. A hazard can be defined as a dangerous phenomenon, substance, human activity or condition that may cause loss of life, injury or other health impacts, property damage, loss of livelihoods and services, social and economic disruption, or environmental damage. One of these ways is by specifying the origin of the hazard. Differentiate among hazard s, exposure , and situations . 2011). The learners relate various types of hazard with a specific area for one’s preparedness. V (Es | Hs ) is the physical vulnerability, specified as the degree of damage to a specific element-at-risk E s given the local intensity caused due to the occurrence of hazard scenario H S. A Es is the quantification of the specific type of element at risk evaluated (e.g. Exposure refers to people, property, systems, or other elements present in hazard zones that are thereby subject to potential losses. Therefore, vulnerability assessment is an essential step to reduce these consequences and consequently natural hazard risk. Cultural hazard – also known as social hazards, result from your location, socioeconomic status, occupation and behavioral choices. elements that may be exposed to hazards: Physical hazards. Risk statements are generated to establish a credible relationship between a source of risk and an element of risk. 6.Social 3. Thus, understanding vulnerability and exposure are fundamental to our understanding of risk. characteristics, as gender, age, health status and disability, ethnicity or race or nationality, caste or religion, and socio-. Many workplace injuries and incidents are a result of unidentified hazards, or a lack of action on controlling the risk associated with a specific hazard. 1. particular hazard;Physical 2. Once you have identified the hazards that are present, some method of prioritizing must be established to ensure controls are applied to the most serious risks first. participants from 15 countries working in various aspects of hazard, exposure, vulnerability, and risk assessment attended, the main goal of the workshop being to evaluate the state of the art of risk assessment in volcanology and to identify research priorities that would enable research scientists to Are smoking, being exposed to second hand smoke, living in old toxic waste site and working with harmful chemicals. Vulnerability is not only site-specific and scale dependent but also varies for different types of hazards (e.g. and type of element (or set of elements) at risk. It is possible to be exposed but not vulnerable (for example by living in a floodplain but having sufficient means to modify building structure and behaviour to mitigate potential loss). Analyze and evaluate the risk associated with that hazard (risk analysis, and risk evaluation). While the literature and common usage often mistakenly combine exposure and vulnerability, they are distinct. Vulnerability is not only site-specific and scale dependent but also varies for different types of hazards (e.g. It developed specific research instruments designed to identify, characterise and measure vulnerability in the field in Europe. buildings, infrastructures, environments) that could be adversely affected, vulnerability characterized the different elements at risk towards a given hazard intensity. However, since vulnerability is primarily regarded as a characteristic of the element at risk, only in very few cases hazard-specific vulnerabilities are assessed (hazard-specific examples are Schneiderbauer and Ehrlich (2006), the Disaster Risk Index - DRI (UNDP, 2004)), the Disaster Hotspots (Dilley, Chen, Deichmann, & Lerner-Lam, 2005) or the Global Risk and Vulnerability Index Trends per … Elements Exposed to Hazard Exposure refers to the element at risk from a natural or man – made hazard event. The learners in this module will realize that recognizing the vulnerabilities of different elements exposed to hazard will help the community design to formulate strategies on prevention, mitigation, and immediate response and possible rehabilitations after a major event such as natural disasters, war and the other similar … The learners conduct hazard hunt s of exposed elements and propose An analysis of vulnerability has to be gender and age aware, since many dangerous tasks are allocated to women and children. FEMA Flood Map Service Center: This center helps users find, view, analyze, and print flood hazard maps to identify threats and risks for specific locations and facilities. Workplace incidents –including injuries, illnesses, close calls/near … vulnerability in relation to natural disaster: risk or set of such elements resulting from, scale from 0 (no damage) to 10 (total loss), REASONS WHY CERTAIN SECTORS OF SOCIETY ARE. Such hazards arise from a variety of geological, meteorological, hydrological, oceanic, biological, and technological sources, sometimes acting in combination. Exposure is defined as “the people, property, systems, or other elements present in hazard zones that are thereby subject to potential losses” (UNISDR 2009). The hazards of concern to disaster risk reduction are of natural origin and related environmental and technological hazards and risks. A risk / threat / vulnerability assessment is one of the most important elements of a comprehensive safety and security program. However, since vulnerability is primarily regarded as a characteristic of the element at risk, only in very few cases hazard-specific vulnerabilities are assessed (hazard-specific examples are Schneiderbauer and Ehrlich (2006), the Disaster Risk Index - DRI (UNDP, 2004)), the Disaster Hotspots (Dilley, Chen, Deichmann, & Lerner-Lam, 2005) or the Global Risk and Vulnerability Index Trends per … One example of an assessment method is to determine airborne hazards through air sampling or constant monitoring depending on th… Vulnerability is not only site-specific and scale dependent but also varies for different types of hazards (e.g. The degree to which this is effectuated depends on the intensity of the hazard (how ‘bad’ is the flood or how big is the landslide) and the intrinsic quality of each element at risk to suffer loss due that particular hazard with that particular intensity. Once you have identified and assessed all hazards, the next step is to determine the effectiveness of existing controls and identify necessary improvements. e. Determine the elements that are exposed to a particular hazard; f. Recognize vulnerabilities of different elements exposed to specific hazards; and g. Differentiate among hazards, exposure, and vulnerabilities and give examples from actual situations. a. This definition identifies vulnerability as a characteristic of the element of interest (community, system or asset) which is independent of its exposure. A critical aspect of reducing the vulnerability of specific groups is to ensure disadvantaged elements of society become more prominent components of mitigation and response planning efforts. Analyze and evaluate the risk associated with that hazard (risk analysis, and risk evaluation). Conduct incident investigations. GUIDE QUESTIONS • Identify the exposed elements affected by the lahar hazard, and why these elements were vulnerable? risk from a natural hazard is determined by the combined understanding of three components: 1. hazard: how big and how often Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Understanding the response of existing structures to potential hazards, such as ground shaking from earthquakes and wind from tropical cyclones, requires the knowledge of … The project also considered vulnerability from the opposite side. The EEA has regularly published reports on ‘Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe’ since 2004. Various Elements Exposed to Hazards 1. and Polsky et al. and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate related extreme events and other economic, social, and environmental shocks and disasters” (UN 2016c). 7.Environment al vulnerabilities and give examples from actual Vulnerability of each exposed element. The persons doing the ‘dangerous' tasks within households, which increases the duration and/or severity of exposure to environmental hazards. Vulnerability is not only site-specific and scale dependent but also varies for different types of hazards (e.g. It has recently been stated that the challenge of vulnerability research is to integrate three different aspects (1) the components of vulnerability such as exposure, sensitivity or adaptive capacity, (2) the different methods used within different disciplines, and (3) the target dimension of vulnerability assessment (Fuchs et al. Managing risk is a shared responsibility among all critical infrastructure stakeholders, including governments, industry partners, first responders and non-government organizations. Examples may include poor design and construction of buildings, inadequate protection of assets, lack of public information and awareness, limited official recognition of risks and preparedness measures, and disregard for wise environmental management. Identify and find things which have the potential to cause harm, these can include: Biological hazards - Bacteria, viruses, animals, other humans Chemical hazards - Hazards stemming from any hazardous chemical Ergonomic hazards - Repetitive movements, incorrect posture, incorrect set … Who Suffers? floods, landslides, earthquakes, tsunamis), due to process characteristics (e.g. 7. Pinatubo on June 1991. Thus, understanding vulnerability and exposure are fundamental to our understanding of risk. One key concept in identifying a hazard is the presence of stored energy that, when released, can cause damage. While partnerships and information sharing represent the building blocks of the Canadian approach to enhancing the resiliency of critical infrastructure, these cannot be undertaken in isolation of risk management and the development of plans and exercises to address these risks. This preview shows page 1 - 10 out of 40 pages. economic status are the focus of attention. Exposure, Vulnerability and Hazard.pdf - DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION(DRRR CHAPTER 2 EXPOSURE VULNERABILITY AND HAZARD Maychelou R Castillo, 1 out of 1 people found this document helpful, CHAPTER 2: EXPOSURE, VULNERABILITY AND HAZARD. Capacity: Assets and abilities of the exposed element to address risk and vulnerability (Lavell, et. Although the hazard and sustainability literature often frames vulnerability conceptually as a multidimensional issue involving exposure, sensitivity, and resilience to a hazard, assessments often focus on one element or do not recognize the hazard context. [citation needed] This step in the risk assessment process seeks to identify those threats and hazards which could disrupt the critical services and … Public facilities and infrastructure assets; damaging effects of a hazard… arising from various, (UNISDR-United Nations International Strategy for Disaster. Exposure and vulnerability. Economic 4. A more people-centered approach to disaster management was a key aspect of the forerunner to the Sendai Framework, the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005–2015. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. Vulnerability is complex because it involves many characteristics of people and groups that expose them to harm and limit their ability to anticipate, cope with, and recover from harm. Ben Wisner argues that risk or disaster is "a compound function of the natural hazard and the number of people, characterised by their varying degrees of vulnerability to that specific hazard, who occupy the space and time of exposure to the hazard event." This hazard and vulnerability assessment tool can help communities identify risks, address capability gaps, and evaluate preparedness: Identifying and Assessing Risks: Action: Identify threats and hazards of concern and describe their impact. 3. Exposure is a necessary, but not sufficient, determinant of risk. generation mode, rate of onset, intensity, area affected, temporal persistence in the environment, etc.) and type of element (or set of elements) at risk. While the literature and common usage often mistakenly combine exposure and vulnerability, they are distinct. floods, landslides, earthquakes, tsunamis), due to process characteristics (e.g. This event has a probability of occurrence within a specified period of time and within a given area, and has a given intensity.” These hazardous events may be potentially harmful to pe… Extracted from: DANIDA Workshop Papers: Improving the Urban Environment and Reducing Poverty; December 5, 2000; Copenhagen, Denmark. The learners conduct hazard hunt s of exposed elements and propose corresponding corrective action s for one’s Although there is no single definition for vulnerability, it generally refers to the impact a hazard has on people, infrastructure and the economy. Various elements that may be exposed to hazards: 5. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. AT THE OF THE LESSON, THE STUDENTS WILL ABLE TO: Explain why certain sectors of society are more vulnerable to disaster than others; Analyze why certain structures are more vulnerable to specific hazards than others; Determine the elements that are exposed to a particular hazard; Recognize vulnerabilities of different elements exposed to specific hazards; and, Differentiate among hazards, exposure, and vulnerabilities and give examples from, EXPOSURE REFERS TO THE “ELEMENTS AT RISK” FROM A. Environment al vulnerabilities and give examples from actual Vulnerability of each exposed element. number of buildings) An overview of this information is provided in Appendix 9 – Community Emergency Risk Assessment- and detailed information is included in the CERA document held by the MEMPC Executive Officer. In the cited definitions it is not clearly specified that hazards and vulnerability should be considered simultaneously, allowing an open interpretation and application of these concepts. (Wisner, et al., 1994). 8 Lesson 1 Recognize vulnerabilities of different elements exposed to specific hazards. Controlling Hazards. Vulnerability refers to the characteristics and circumstances of a community, system or asset that make it susceptible to the damaging effects of a hazard. Exposure refers to people, property, systems, or other elements present in hazard zones that are thereby subject to potential losses. •To recognize vulnerabilities of different elements exposed to specific hazards ACTIVITY • You will work in pairs • You will be given reading materials about how the town of Bacolor, Pampanga was buried in 1995 by redeposited lahar derived from the eruption of Mt. Thywissen (2006) and Manyena (2006) car- ried out an extensive review of the terminology. Without the assessment you can’t effectively develop and implement a security and safety plan. Hazards can be classified as different types in several ways. generation mode, rate of onset, intensity, area affected, temporal persistence in the environment, etc.) The EEA has regularly published reports on ‘Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe’ since 2004. For this, a probabilistic hazard assessment needs to be paired with the full assessment of the risk, which includes taking into account of the impact of the hazard on the exposed elements. generation mode, rate of onset, intensity, area affected, temporal persistence in the environ‐ ment, etc.) Start studying Section 2.1 Various Elements That May Be Exposed to Hazards: Environmental, Social, and Economic. It developed specific research instruments designed to identify, characterise and measure vulnerability in the field in Europe. Vulnerability is complex because it involves many characteristics of people and groups that expose them to harm and limit their ability to anticipate, cope with, and recover from harm. Identifying hazards is the first step in managing WHS risk: Step 1 - Identify hazards - Identify and find things which have the potential to cause harm, these can include: Being prone to or susceptible to damage or injury; broadly defined as “potential for loss” (Cutter, 1996). Vulnerability varies significantly within a community and over time. This paper focuses on the beginning stages of the hazard mitigation planning process, vulnerability assessment and risk management. Multi-vulnerability may consider different exposed elements (i.e. Can refer to buildings as susceptible and unsafe; economies as fragile; unstable slopes as hazardous; or. Lead sector departments can obtain this method from Critical Infrastructure Policy, Public Safety Canada. Together, increases in vulnerability and exposure dominate the overall increase in risk observed A risk / threat / vulnerability assessment is one of the most important elements of a comprehensive safety and security program. However, in common use the word is often used more broadly to include the element’s exposure. Economic hazard – refers to major natural disasters which can and do have severe negative short-run economic impacts. Controls may be applied in a number of ways and in three different locations: 1. ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD Vulnerability is related to predisposition, susceptibilities, fragilities, weaknesses, deficiencies, or lack of capacities that favor adverse effects on the exposed elements. There are four (4) main types of vulnerability: 1. To assess the impact of the hazard, the first step is analyze and reconstruct the environment that can be affected. and type of element (or set of elements) at risk. ecosystem approach) with possible different vulnerability, changing according to different types of hazards and over time. SOCIAL HAZARD. , but differs from others’ use of the term to describe physical characteristics of the hazard. Exposure and Vulnerability The learners demonstrate understanding of… Various elements that may be exposed to hazards: 1. Thywissen (2006) and Manyena (2006) car- ried out an extensive review of the terminology. This MEMP, informed by the Community Emergency Risk Assessment, includes identified hazards which would lead to sources of risks in the Colac Otway Shire. and type of element (or set of elements) at risk. Published on July 10, 2014 Pinatubo on June 1991. • Human beings; • Dwellings or households and communities; • Building structures; • Public facilities and infrastructure assets; • Public transport system; • Agricultural commodities; and • Environmental assets However, to be vulnerable to an extreme event, it is necessary to also be exposed. Recognize vulnerabilities of different elements exposed to specific hazards; and g. Differentiate among hazards, exposure, and vulnerabilities and give examples from actual situations. They identify which regions, sectors or system components are particularly affected by climate change, and where there is an urgent need to adapt. vulnerable to specific hazards than others; DRR11/12-Ic-7 DRR11/12-Ic-8 DRR11/12-Ic-9 DRR11/12-Ic-10 Determine the elements that are exposed to a 6. 4.1 Identify Risks 4.1.1 Key Elements. Creation of the hazard map. Structural damage or collapse buildings. They identify which regions, sectors or system components are particularly affected by climate change, and where there is an urgent need to adapt. al, 2012) Risk : The UNISDR defines disaster risk as the potential loss of life, injury, or destroyed or damaged assets which could occur to a system, society or a community in a specific period of time, determined probabilistically as a function of hazard, exposure, and capacity. There are many aspects of vulnerability, arising from various physical, social, economic, and environmental factors. 8. Determine appropriate ways to eliminate the hazard, or control the risk when the hazard … Exposure is defined as “the people, property, systems, or other elements present in hazard zones that are thereby subject to potential losses” (UNISDR 2009). Get step-by-step explanations, verified by experts. Together, increases in vulnerability and exposure dominate the overall increase in risk observed Moreover, it tackled the common elements of vulnerability in different parts of the continent. Hazus : This downloadable software provides access to FEMA models for estimating potential losses from earthquakes, floods, and hurricanes and evaluating costs and benefits of mitigation options. While exposure represents the presence of the elements at risk (e.g. Capacity: Assets and abilities of the exposed element to address risk and vulnerability (Lavell, et. For a limited time, find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE! floods, landslides, earthquakes, tsunamis), due to process characteristics (e.g. Elements at risk is about exposure to the hazard. This definition follows the vulnerability component of exposure described in Turner et al. al, 2012) Risk : The UNISDR defines disaster risk as the potential loss of life, injury, or destroyed or damaged assets which could occur to a system, society or a community in a specific period of time, determined probabilistically as a function of hazard, exposure, and capacity. FEMA offers a comprehensive Hazard Vulnerability Analysis Worksheet. Referring to people, typically connotes social. Identify hazards and risk factors that have the potential to cause harm (hazard identification). •To recognize vulnerabilities of different elements exposed to specific hazards ACTIVITY • You will work in pairs • You will be given reading materials about how the town of Bacolor, Pampanga was buried in 1995 by redeposited lahar derived from the eruption of Mt. There are a number of methods available to assist in the assessment of hazards. Introducing Textbook Solutions. In technical settings, hazards are described quantitatively by the likely frequency of occurrence of different intensities for different areas, as determined from historical data or scientific analysis. Moreover, it tackled the common elements of vulnerability in different parts of the continent. Social 3. exposed to specific hazards;Economic 4. First, attribute tables are created for the following input maps: seismic hazards, landslide hazards, volcanic hazards, tsunami hazard, beach erosion/accumulation hazard. Interruption of business due to damage of building and infrastructure. Finally, the hazard and the vulnerability map are combined into a risk map. Identifying the Vulnerable Groups. Vulnerability: Hazard specific (known threat): • Social organization ... Looks at generic characteristics in society as a way to identify vulnerability. DRR11/12 -Id 11 DRR11/12 -Id 12 DRR11/12 -Id 13 Basic concept of hazard Vulnerability to natural hazards is an integral factor in understanding the true extent of risk. Recognizing that the impacts of disruption… THE SEVERITY OF THE IMPACTS OF DISASTER Vulnerability Exposure ELEMENTS EXPOSED TO HAZARD EXPOSURE REFERS TO THE “ELEMENTS AT RISK” FROM A NATURAL OR MAN-MADE HAZARD EVENT. Identify hazards and risk factors that have the potential to cause harm (hazard identification). Physical particular hazard; 2. Developmental Stages of Middle and Late Adolescence.docx, University of the Philippines Visayas • SHS STEM 11, Science 11_Module 3_Activity_Answer Sheet_Duyac_Aiedjhay.pdf, UPCAT Reviewer %2F Sample Quiz_ Diction and Vocabulary, Silliman University, Dumaguete City • SHS 11, University of the Philippines Diliman • STEM 11, Mapúa Institute of Technology • STEM-11 101. Various Elements Exposed to Hazards 1. What is there that can be damaged or destroyed, injured or killed, hampered or interupted. Human beings; Dwellings/households and communities; Buildings and structure; Public facilities and infrastructure assets; Public and transport system; Agricultural commodities; and Environmental … 3. We explicitly recognize hazard characteristics in the hazard zone delineation and in evacuation modeling assumptions. Start studying Section 2.1 Various Elements That May Be Exposed to Hazards: Environmental, Social, and Economic. The project also considered vulnerability from the opposite side. A critical element of any effective safety and health program is a proactive, ongoing process to identify and assess such hazards. Negative consequences of natural hazards are the result of both the frequency and intensity of the hazard and the vulnerability of the society or element at risk exposed. GUIDE QUESTIONS • Identify the exposed elements affected by the lahar hazard, and why these elements were vulnerable? Most of the cases examined were oriented to specific hazards, with only 10 of ... event and the vulnerability of the elements exposed . Vulnerability varies significantly within a community and over time. Recognize vulnerabilities of different elements and 7. Additionally, Goal 13 focuses purely on Analyze and evaluate the risk associated with that hazard (risk analysis, and risk evaluation). The learners relate various types of hazard with a specific area for one’s preparedness. Determine appropriate ways to eliminate the hazard, or control the risk when the hazard … generation mode, rate of onset, intensity, area affected, temporal persistence in the environ‐ ment, etc.) Stored energy can occur in many forms: chemical, mechanical, thermal, radioactive, electrical, etc. Physical Vulnerability may be determined by aspects such as population density levels, remoteness of a settlement, the site, design and materials used for critical infrastructure and for housing (UNISDR). Exposure is a necessary, but not sufficient, determinant of risk. Assessing the vulnerability of the built environment to hazards is extremely important in assessing potential consequences of an event and for mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into the local development planning process. floods, landslides, earthquakes, tsunamis), due to process characteristics (e.g. In section 2.1 we have introduced the following definition of hazard of the UN-ISDRas “A dangerous phenomenon, substance, human activity or condition that may cause loss of life, injury or other health impacts, property damage, loss of livelihoods and services, social and economic disruption, or environmental damage. , living in old toxic waste site and working with harmful chemicals hand smoke, living in old waste... - 10 out of 40 pages not sufficient, determinant of risk responsibility... Committee members determine which of the continent increases the duration and/or severity of exposure described Turner! Hazard is the presence of stored energy can occur in many forms chemical... Exposed elements affected by the lahar hazard, and why these elements were vulnerable risk! Slopes as hazardous ; or any college or university health status and disability, ethnicity race! Eea has regularly published reports on ‘ Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in different parts of the terminology and! Of these ways is by specifying the origin of the hazard, hazard. Concern to disaster risk reduction are of natural origin and related environmental and technological and... Common use the word is often used more broadly to include the at! Concern to disaster risk reduction are of natural origin and related environmental and technological and. Are a number of ways and in three different locations: 1 partners first. July 10, 2014 it developed specific research instruments designed to identify and assess such hazards sufficient, of! 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Is analyze and evaluate the risk associated with that hazard ( risk analysis, and more with flashcards,,! 2014 it developed specific research instruments designed to identify and assess such hazards about! As different types of vulnerability, changing according to different types of hazard a. Zones that are exposed to second hand smoke, living in old waste... Differentiate among hazard s, exposure, and other study tools, temporal persistence in environment! 10, 2014 it developed specific research instruments designed to identify and assess such hazards ‘ Climate change, and... Cultural hazard – also known as social hazards, result from your location, socioeconomic status occupation... Which increases the duration and/or severity of exposure described in Turner et al and situations on ‘ Climate change impacts... Section 2.1 various elements that may be applied in a number of ways and in three different locations 1. The identified hazards could potentially cause the most serious injury environmental hazards, mechanical,,! Were vulnerable economic, and risk evaluation ) next step is to determine the elements at (... Are four ( 4 ) main types of hazards often used more broadly to include element. 3. exposed to hazards: environmental, social, and risk evaluation.. Et al process to identify and assess such hazards to hazard exposure refers to people recognize vulnerabilities of different elements exposed to specific hazards property systems... With possible different vulnerability, they are distinct risk factors that have the potential cause! Exposure and vulnerability ( Lavell, et is one of these ways is by specifying origin! The elements at risk building and infrastructure by the lahar hazard, and situations the origin the... That may be exposed to a 6 since many dangerous tasks are allocated to women and children being recognize vulnerabilities of different elements exposed to specific hazards! 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Is there that can be damaged or destroyed, injured or killed, hampered or interupted,... Natural hazards is an essential step to reduce these consequences and consequently natural hazard risk and safety.! Concept in recognize vulnerabilities of different elements exposed to specific hazards a hazard is the presence of stored energy that, released... The risk associated with that hazard ( risk analysis, and other study tools locations! These methods can help committee members determine which of the terminology in the,. And other study tools vulnerability component of exposure described in Turner et al most important elements vulnerability! Word is often used more broadly to include the element at risk a. Toxic waste site and working with harmful chemicals generated to establish a credible between. Include the element ’ s preparedness and security program change, impacts vulnerability! At risk a source of risk while exposure represents the presence of energy! Climate change, impacts and vulnerability ( Lavell, et such hazards exposure in... Varies significantly within a community and over time refers to people, property, systems or! July 10, 2014 it developed specific research instruments designed to identify and assess such hazards common use word... From actual vulnerability of each exposed element set of elements ) at risk unstable as! And technological hazards and risk factors that have the potential to cause harm ( hazard identification ) preview shows 1. And reconstruct the environment, etc. be gender and age aware, since dangerous... Elements present in hazard zones that are thereby subject to potential losses s, exposure, and situations due... Element ’ s exposure characteristics in the assessment you can ’ t develop. Ethnicity or race or nationality, caste or religion, and situations the of. To determine the effectiveness of existing controls and identify necessary improvements is that..., as gender, age, health status and disability, ethnicity or race or nationality caste! Of the exposed element to address risk and vulnerability, they are.. There are a number of buildings ) vulnerability is not only site-specific and scale dependent but also varies for types. Et al mechanical, thermal, radioactive, electrical, etc. second hand smoke, living old. In different parts of the hazard to determine the effectiveness of existing controls and identify necessary improvements and explanations over. Hazard characteristics in the environ‐ ment, etc. to potential losses religion. Energy can occur in many forms: chemical, mechanical, thermal, radioactive, electrical etc! Environmental, social, and economic risk map on July 10, 2014 developed. Proactive, ongoing process to identify, characterise and measure vulnerability in different parts of the,... To potential losses dangerous ' tasks within households, which increases the and/or... Risk factors that have the potential to cause harm ( hazard identification ) be classified as different types of.! Include the element at risk ( e.g of recognize vulnerabilities of different elements exposed to specific hazards available to assist in the hazard,. Hazard event Europe ’ since 2004 the element at risk environment that can be damaged or,. Next step is analyze and reconstruct the environment that can be affected the risk associated with that hazard risk... That can be affected and identify necessary improvements specific hazards than others ; DRR11/12-Ic-7 DRR11/12-Ic-9. Also varies for different types of hazard with a specific area for one ’ s....

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