Name Age Rank [iii] December 28, 1939 - The U-30, commanded by Kapitainleutnant Fritz-Julius Lemp, fired four torpedoes at the HMS Barham and HMS Repulse. The crash dive on the U-331 was going out of control. Rommels Afrika Korps dug in at El Agheila and another stalemate in the North African desert campaign ensued. Between late September and December, 26 U-boats break through into the Mediterranean and for many months take a heavy toll of Royal Navy ships. The maximum crush depth of the Type VII was 650 feet. As usual, the submarine's bow shot upward after the weight was released. Jackal took part in the Battle of Crete, and was scuttled after being heavily damaged by … Lo, the first ship to have been sunk by a kamikaze, had been discovered on 25 May. The third battleship in line, the HMS Valiant was just 150 yards away, spotted the boat and immediately signaled the Barham and altered course to ram. Von Tiesenhausen fired a spread of 4 torpedoes towards the group, 3 of which hit HMS Barham's port side causing it to list heavily and spread fire towards the ammunition storages. An expedition has found the wreck of the HMS Hood, the pride of the Royal Navy, which was sunk in one of the greatest naval battles of the second world war.. Posts about hms barham written by padresteve. T he wrecks of HMS Exeter and HMS Encounter were only rediscovered in May 2008.. During the Spanish Civil War of 1936–1939 the ship spent considerable time in Spanish waters, enforcing the arms blockade imposed by Britain and France on both sides of the conflict. A fourth thunderous explosion resulted, probably the magazine going up, disintegrating the Barham, taking 862 men with her in three minutes. hms barham wreck found. I found this site just tonight, I thought others here may find it interesting too. As the huge ship, the HMS Valiant bore down on them, finally at the last moment, the U-331 slid beneath the waves and the battleship passed harmlessly overhead. HMS Gallant (H59) was a G-class destroyer, built for the Royal Navy in the mid-1930s. The team which located the wreck 3,000 metres below … But the crew sensed that the boat was still continuing its descend but the depth gauge said they were level at 250 feet. You are glad to have been lucky and to be still alive.. "U-81" is one of four U-boats that have just passed into the Mediterranean. 424) was charged with her construction. BARHAM (Capt Cooke), 25th November 1941, Eastern Mediterranean, N of Sidi Barrani (c 32-30'N, 26-30'E) - by 3 torpedoes from German U-331. The results appalled the entire crew the U-331 was at an unprecedented depth of 820 feet. The U-boat 331, should have been destroyed that same date, but a remarkable story unfolded. She had just completed a refit at Portsmouth and was en-route to the Clyde. North Africa - A major British offensive (Operation 'Crusader) starts on the 18th, again from the Sollum area and by January has reached El Agheila. (3) 27 Oct 1939 The U-boat had escaped from the … Benson, DSO, RN). Welcome to the HMS Barham Association website. Page 5 . At this stage 60 percent of Axis North African supplies are being lost to attacks by British aircraft, submarines and warships. According to the manufacturers specifications, they should have been crushed by now. As they frantically halted the dive and began to ascend again, the hull, which should have been crushed at that depth, did not so much as spring a leak. The U-boat's engineers moved quickly to get their boat under again as the huge ship turned in a wide are and bore down on them. But the crew sensed that the boat was still continuing its descend but the depth gauge said they were level at 250 feet. 20 × depth charges, 1 × rack, 2 × throwers; HMS Jackal was a J-class destroyer of the Royal Navy. The name 'Barham' came from Admiral Charles Middleton who was Lord Barham. 2. Soon, the U-331 surfaced to periscope depth and spotted a procession of three British battleships flanked by eight destroyers. The HMS Barham was one of five fast battleships of the Queen Elizabeth class. Barham in the Mediterranean. 13th Nov - As Force H returns to Gibraltar after flying off more Hurricanes from "Ark Royal" and "Argus" for Malta, the famous and much "sunk" "ARK ROYAL" is hit by one torpedo from "U-81". On 10 October 2019, it was announced that the wreck of the escort carrier, USS St. Seventeen men lost their lives either in the initial collision, the subsequent fire or as the ship sank. Captain C. E. Morgan commanding HMS Valiant described the final moments of the Battleship: ... HMS Amber (Boatswain H.W. (Photo from the collection of CPO Gunlayer Wilfred Reginald Butler, R.N.) But she had just passed by and he was forced to target the second battleship in line, the HMS Barham. The Duchess sank and 124 of her crew died. Commissioned on August 1915, she displaced 29,150 tons and was intended to replace battlecruisers as the main offensive thrust during an engagement. Later, while rescuing survivors, destroyer "LIBECCIO" is sunk by submarine "Upholder". Page 2 . A fortnight later, she was attacked by the U-30 which put her out of commission for six months with a single torpedo hit. Towards the end of the month, Dutch submarine "0-21" sinks "U-95". It should be noted however that not all of the attacks occurred in the Mediterranean or were the direct result of U-boats. Having dropped off a German commando party at Libya on November 17 (which was to blow up a British military train), the U-331 was patrolling submerged on the morning of November 25 near the British base at Alexandria, Egypt. In the afternoon north of Sidi Barrani, "BARHAM" is hit by three torpedoes from "U-331" and as she slowly turns over and capsizes, splits apart in an almighty explosion. "You are glad to have been lucky and to be still alive.". HMS Barham stopped and lowered her seaboats. It was a dangerous situation as the safe diving depth of the Type VIIC was 330 feet (100 meters). Recorded on film her apparently calamitous end is often used in naval films and documentaries. If there was a record of when, and if, the RN made dives on the battle-site it might shed some light on the matter. HMS Barham was sunk by a U-Boat in 1941. HMS Royal Oak British R class battleship, built between 1914 and 1916, sunk at her moorings in Scapa Flow, on 14 october 1939, by the German U-boat U47 The wreck, seen in the lower view, still lies upside-down at the bottom of Scapa Flow, and still holds the remains of over 800 of … HMS Barham capsized and exploded after being torpedoed in the Mediterranean on Nov. 25, 1941. Completed in 1939, Jackal served in the Norwegian campaign and the Dunkirk evacuation before being deployed to the Mediterranean in 1941. BARHAM’s explosion after being torpedoed. The HMS Barham was built by John Brown, Clydebank. ... As we are discussing HMS Barham, has there ever been an expedition to find the wreck? December 12, 1939 - The HMS Barham collided with the destroyer HMS Duchess. The commander continues: Finally compressed air blew water out of the tanks and the involuntary descent was halted. 25th Nov - Out of Sollum in position 32.34N and 26.24E in the Mediterranean, Kptlt. 15th - In company with the battleship WARSPITE and the battlecruiser HOOD sailed from the Clyde to a position 300 miles west of Malin Head to provide cover for the troop convoy TC.1 which was carrying 7450 Canadian troops. Beginning on November 10 1941, and for the next 40 days, the Axis forces combined had sunk the aircraft carrier Ark Royal, an escort carrier Audacity, two battleships the Prince of Wales and Barham, the battlecruiser Repulse, three cruisers the Dunedin, Neptune and Galatea, seriously damaged two battleships the Queen Elizabeth and Valiant, plus damage to many other warships. With Mediterranean Fleet from Alexandria covering sorties by Malta and Alexandria-based cruiser forces against Italian convoys to Libya. Early in the morning every one of the transports and destroyer "FULMINE" are sent to the bottom. The HMS Barham was one of five fast battleships of the Queen Elizabeth class. The RN battleship HMS Barham exploding. The HMS Barham was torpedoed by U … On November 25 Kptlt. U-331 took a terrible beating from Barham's defending destroyers but managed to slip away and return safely on 21th of February 1942 to Salamis, Greece. HMS Jervis going in to pick up surviviors. The British withheld news of the sinking, and in the absence of evidence, Donitz withheld his praise saying only that the attack was very satisfactory. Nevertheless, the magnitude of losses likened the British to their own version of Pearl Harbor during these forty days, that it temporarily broke the Royal Navys command of the Mediterranean. The opening of the U-Boat offensive in the Mediterranean coincided with the highwater mark of Axis victories at sea. As in previous years, it was originally intended to order a complete flotilla comprising eight destroyers—plus a flotilla leader as the ninth unit—in each year. Engaged French submarine PERSÉE with depth charges . He fired all four torpedoes, and immediately the U-331 popped to the surface, having just released four tons of weight from the boat. Turned over and exploded with 861 men lost and 450 survivors. The report appalled the entire crew: They had reached the unprecedented depth of 820 feet. Monthly Loss Summary 4 British or Allied merchant ships of 19,000 tons. The U-boat had escaped from the enemy above and the lethal pressure below. Having been alerted by the sounds of heavy screws, the U-331 chased down on its bearing. He had no idea which ship it was that he had sunk, by fate or luck, it was the Barham. However when the Admiralty finally announced the loss of the Barham on late January 1942, von Tiesenhausen was awarded a Knights Cross. All four of the submarine’s bow torpedoes were ordered to be fired at 4:25 p.m. from a range of 410 yards. One third of his supplies were not getting through. Since the siege started destroyers and other warships have been carrying in men and supplies almost nightly. 16th Nov - A second U-boat, "U-433" is sunk in the same area as "Ark Royal" by corvette "Marigold". The crew sensed that the boat was still diving, but the gauge said not. This is a listing of people associated with this ship. HMS Barham Wreck - Bing images. As I stated on the first page, the wreck of Invincible was located in 1919 by wire sweep. Saved by Microsoft Bing. Merlin Burrows have found and pin-pointed the exact location of the wreck of HMS Barham – a Queen Elizabeth-class battleship built for the Royal Navy in February 1913. HMS Barham blew up in 1940 after being torpedoed. Meanwhile, a fourth explosion, probably the magazine going up, disintegrated the Barham, killing 862 men. At 410 yards, the behemoth size of the battleship had completely filled his periscope lens. Home; About Me; Baseball & Life; Civil Rights; Faith & Life; Gettysburg; I Love Music; Photo Page; PTSD; Veterans & Friends; Warship & Naval Battles; Weimar, Nazi Germany & … She was the flagship of the 1st Battle Squadron and of the Second in Command of the Mediterranean Fleet, 1941. Abandoned Ships Abandoned Places Royal Oak Underwater Shipwreck Ship Drawing Ghost Ship … Post Sep 14, 2014 #40 2014-09-14T15:39. The HMS Barham was torpedoed by U-331, a German c-class submarine captained by Freiherr Von Tiesenhausen, and sunk in Around 0450 hours the ready use depth charges on board HMS Duchess exploded and she sank. Meanwhile, the 8th Army was supplied through the friendly port fortress of Tobruk. 15. As it comes to an end the cost can be counted - 25 warships of all sizes and five merchantmen lost. HMS Barham (04) was named after First Lord of the Admiralty, Lord Barham (Admiral Charles Middleton, First Baron Barham, 1726-1813) and shipbuilder John Brown & Company of Clydebank (Yard No. There is many photos of the Wreck of HMS Hood, gives one a good idea just how devasting that fatal explosion was. Three explosions were heard one, two, three - and one or more of the torpedoes hit near a magazine. The Italian East African empire ceases to exist. Ajax. Dramatic Newsreel footage captured the sinking of the Queen Elizabeth Battleship. The battleship heels over and explodes. U-331 and von Tiesenhausen receiving his Knight's Cross. The crew frantically set the forward dive planes up, blow ballast tanks, and the boat eventually began its ascend until it reached safe depths. HMS Barham Explodes and Sinks, 1941. The battleships were the Queen Elizabeth, Barham and Valiant. The Inglorius Padre Steve's World. The Inglorius Padre Steve's World. The Queen Elizabeth-class ships were designed to form a fast squadron for the fleet that was intended to operate against the leading ships of the opposing battleline. Clinging to a piece of wreckage, Richard was picked up by an Australian destroyer, along with other survivors. At this stage 60 percent of Axis North African supplies are being lost to attacks by British aircraft, submarines and warships. The entire incident was classified. As they frantically halted the dive and began to ascend again, the hull, which should have been crushed at that depth, did not so much as spring a leak. One man is killed. Skip to content. On December 12 1939, she collided with a destroyer, the HMS Duchess, sinking her in the mishap. U-boat captains used to joke of an itchy neck that could only be cured by administering the red, white and black ribbon of the Knight's cross on the neck. The team which located the wreck … FAMILY PILGRIMAGE TO HMS BARHAM WAR GRAVE It was December 1941 just two years into the Second World War but before Pearl Harbour. Recorded on film her apparently calamitous end is often used in naval films and documentaries. Kptlt. WARSPITE BATTLESHIP 1915-1947, wreck, wreck database. Control of Africa was important to the British, who had intended to use it as a staging area to counterattack the Axis by first crushing Italy, then Germany by attacking through the soft underbelly of Italy and the Balkans. More than 800 sailors were killed in the disaster. He could not identify what ship it was, just that it was a British battleship. Aboard the U-331, von Tiesenhausen ordered for a crash dive. He has very clear memories of the incident, however his hearing does not allow him to speak on the telephone. HMS Barham was a Queen Elizabeth-class battleship built for the Royal Navy during the early 1910s. Displaying consummate nerve, Tiesenhausen eased his boat at periscope depth (less than 75 feet) between two destroyers and, from 1,200 yards, fired four torpedoes at the middle battleship in the line. Next day she founders in tow only a few miles from home. HMS Duchess was a D-class destroyer built for the Royal Navy in the early 1930s. 24/12/1944 Leopoldville SS [+1944] wreck: Leopoldville SS. Although over 800 men are lost with her, a remarkable number are saved. British warships continued to harass Rommels convoy lines through the Mediterranean and bombarded his supply depot at Tripoli with devastating effect. The ship was initially assigned to the Mediterranean Fleet before she was transferred to the China Station in early 1935. Buying out his commission in 1947, he settled down with his late wife, Lilly, whom he had married in All Saints Church, Melton Road, ... blow ballast tanks, and the boat eventually began its ascend until it reached safe depths. "We were standing by a … The connection of the U-boat threat with these sinkings was clearly evident as of these three battleships sunk, two were the direct result of U-boat attacks. Editing & Additional Material by Mike Simmonds. Von Tiesenhausen anxiously waited for news of the sinking to be announced by the Admiralty. The wreck of British battleship HMS Hood has been discovered, 60 years after she was sunk in a WWII naval battle. (North African Campaign). The boat was brought up higher, but still was 150 metres below the surface. BARHAM continued into the Clyde escorted by DUNCAN and EXMOUTH, leaving ECHO and ECLIPSE to pick up the 23 survivors. How deep is the water in that area? The wreck of HMS Delight lies at a depth of approximately 60 meters, broken in half and upside The HMS Barham was torpedoed by U-331, a German c-class submarine captained by Freiherr Von Tiesenhausen, and sunk in the Eastern Mediterranean in November 1941. Barham was struck by 240 mm (9.4 in) and 155 mm (6.1 in) shells from French shore defences on 24 September, while on 25 September, Richelieu hit Barham with a single 380 mm (15 in) shell, although little damage was caused. HMS Jackal was a J-class destroyer of the Royal Navy.Completed in 1939, Jackal served in the Norwegian campaign and the Dunkirk evacuation before being deployed to the Mediterranean in 1941. Royal Oak Abandoned Ships Abandoned Places Underwater Shipwreck Ship Drawing Ghost Ship Deep Blue Sea Underwater Photography Underwater Photos The HMS Royal Oak was torpedoed by U-47 in Scapa Flow and the HMS Barham was torpedoed by U-331 (Tiesenhausen) in the Mediterranean. Maritime Disasters of World War II - page 1 of 3 - which occurred during 1939, 1940, 1941.. To all those interested in the Naval War of 1939-1945, this list details the fate of some 180 major ships of all nations: the Battleships, Cruisers, Aircraft Carriers, Destroyers and the civilian luxury passenger liners, some pressed into service as troop transports. Until may 1940, the ship, 11.509 tons was affected to transit between Antwerpen and Belgian Congo. Long boat from the torpedoed British landing ship the Glenroy. The moment when HMS Barham's magazine exploded after being torpedoed in the Mediterranean. The crash dive on the U-331 was going out of control. Saved by Microsoft Bing. During the Second World War, the British possessed the most powerful navy in the world indeed many battleships were attacked during the war, but only three were ever sunk. The days were short and the nights were long and cold. She lies at a depth of 15,538 feet (4,736 m) on the edge of the Philippine Trench off the coast of Samar. HMS Barham was a Queen Elizabeth-class battleship of the Royal Navy.On 25 November 1941, while steaming to cover an attack on Italian convoys, Barham was hit by three torpedoes from the German submarine U-331, commanded by Lieutenant Hans-Dietrich von Tiesenhausen.As she rolled over to port, her magazines exploded and the ship quickly sank with the loss of over two thirds of her crew. Ii HX convoys of merchant ships from HalifaX to Liverpool class was a group of 14 destroyers built for War... Duncan ( Capt who was Lord Barham spate of misfortunes had dogged the HMS at. 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